Wine Basics: Know Your White Wines Well

wine basics | Wine Basics: Know Your White Wines Well | You’ve been drinking your white wine for a long time now, but how well do you know your wine? Can you tell right away what kind of white wine is poured into your glass? Can you discern the taste or with its smell? 

We know that’s a little bit of a sommelier type of question, however, knowing your wine will give you an advantage. The ability to recognize one white wine from another is an edge every wine drinker wants to have. And not everybody is leaning on studying more about their favorite drink. 

To give you some basics about white wine, we have laid out information that you should know about it and a little pro-tip on the sides. 

Types of White Wines 

We know there’s a lot of them, and honestly, it is a long list, but you don’t necessarily need to memorize all of them. Learning about their classification would somehow help you decide what to get during your parties or just a simple date night with someone special. 

Bold and Dry 

If you are looking for something to pair with your favorite dish, white wine is the best choice. Taking a glass of certain white wine will definitely give your taste buds a heavenly experience. With their prominent intense flavor and creamy-vanilla taste, you will love every glass of it. 


  • Chardonnay
  • Marsanne (a rare find from France and the US)
  • Sémillon
  • Trebbiano (aka Ugni Blanc)
  • Viognier
  • White Rioja


Pro-tip: If you’re looking for the best white wine with 100% Chardonnay dedication, you can check out the Puligny Montrachet Wines list. They have a wide variety of white wine that will go perfectly for any occasion. 

Light and Zesty

These types of wines are light-bodied, dry, and have a clean, fresh taste. Some wines in the list have a touch of lemon zest, thus expect a medium level of acidity. 


  • Albariño 
  • Aligoté
  • Assyrtiko 
  • Chablis (this is unoaked Chardonnay from Burgundy, France)
  • Chasselas 
  • Chenin Blanc 
  • Cortese 
  • Friulano
  • Garganega
  • Grenache Blanc
  • Muscadet 
  • Picpoul de Pinet
  • Pinot Blanc
  • Pinot Grigio (aka Pinot Gris)
  • Verdejo
  • Verdicchio
  • Xarel-lo 


Pro-tip: The famous Pinot Blanc and Pinot Grigio have that light and zesty combination. The Pinot Grigio is best paired with white meat and seafood, while the Pinot Blanc goes well with cheese, salad with creamy dressings, and a plate of flaky fish. 

Light and Sweet

These types of wines are lean and mostly on the sweet side and a lot thinner than other types of wines. They go from bone-dry to sweet texture but expect them to have a high acidity level. When it comes to food pairing, you should be selective in your dish. 


  • Gewürztraminer
  • Müller-Thurgau
  • Moschofilero
  • Muscat Blanc (aka Moscato)
  • Riesling
  • Torrontés


Pro-tip: Riesling is one of the famous white wines that embodies light and sweetness. Since Riesling ranges from different varieties and comes between dry to off-dry, you can check the label for the alcohol content if you have a preference. For sweetness, look for a wine under 10%, and if you like off-dry, check if it has 10-12%. 

Bold and Sweet

Closing off a meal with a glass of white wine is a great idea, paired with your favorite dessert, any of these white wines can be an ideal pair you can genuinely enjoy. 


  • Ice Wine
  • Late Harvest
  • Madeira
  • Malvasia
  • Sauternes
  • Sherry 
  • Tokaji
  • Vin Santo
  • White Port


Pro-tip: Port Wine has many varieties under its hood, and one of these is the White Port. Its common flavors include Apricot, Sweet Baked Apple, Roasted Nuts, and Citrus Peel and best enjoyed when served chilled for 42-50F. 

This type of white wine goes well with chocolates and caramel desserts. Yet aside from sweets, you can also enjoy a plate of smoky meats like barbecue. You can truly enjoy a sumptuous meal if you have this type of white wine at hand. 


Love herbal aromas on your wine? Then this type of white wine should be in your cellar and must be enjoyed anytime. All these herbaceous white wines are prominent to have high acidity levels, and the most popular of them all is the Sauvignon Blanc.


  • Erbaluce 
  • Grüner Veltliner 
  • Sancerre 
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Vermentino
  • Vinho Verde


Pro-tip: The crisp, the dryness, and the fruity level of Sauvignon Blanc make it popular among white wines. Not to mention its distinctive green, grassy notes, plus a biting acidity makes this white wine a great drink. With a little bit of alcohol level, this wine is best paired to any Thai and Viet cuisine, or you can enjoy tofu or any fish dishes.


There’s a long list of different white wines around the globe, yet we get to discover and drink only a few of them. Knowing and studying them will somehow entice you to have a taste. And, you can even find that there’s better white wine drinking experience if you get to try not only the typical white you are drinking as of now.