Coffee 101: What Espresso?

Patricia Aleckzandra | FoodFindsAsia| Coffee 101: What Espresso? | When things go rough and a bit cold, what better way to calm those nerves and keep your insides warm is with a cup of coffee.

Coffee has been part of millions of people’s everyday routine. In several studies conducted in 2014 to 2016, it has been proven that it is good for the liver, may lower the risk of heart attacks, might cut the risk of colon cancer, and may reduce the risk of early death. The benefits of coffee do not stop there. The calming effects of caffeine are seen and experienced by a lot of people. That is why coffee became and considered by several people around the world comfort food. You may see someone taking coffee every day during breakfast with buttered toast and sweet jam while another person would prefer a tall, foamy latte while riding on a train going to school or work. With people’s wide range of choices, coffee is also extremely varied.

For coffee-holics (and non-coffee lovers as well), a perfect blend of coffee begins with a great shot of espresso which brings out a balanced and rich coffee flavor. Often time, Espresso is mistaken as a type of coffee bean but it is actually a method of preparing coffee. Making an Espresso involves intensity. Espresso based drinks are coffees made out with a cappuccino machine. Some Espresso based coffee have extra toppings added for a more enticing look and taste. But bear in mind that Espresso based coffee is always composed of three ingredients: espresso, steamed milk and foam; and only differs in the proportion within the beverage. Here are some of the most popular Espresso based coffee:

  • Espresso

This Espresso is the foundation and the most important part of every espresso based drink. This type of coffee is usually served in small amounts, generally in one or 2-ounce cups. This espresso is composed of one shot of espresso in an espresso cup. If it feels like it is too bitter, you could add sugar in it.

  • Double Espresso

Or the Doppio, is a double shot, extracted using a double coffee filter in the portafilter. An Italian multiplier which means “double”, Dippio is basically two shots of espresso in one cup.

  • Espresso Macchiato

Macchiato means “stained” or “spotted”. Latte Macchiato and Espresso Macchiato are different types of coffee. While Latte Macchiato is mostly steamed milk stained with espresso giving it a creamier taste, the latter is espresso marked with a small amount of steamed milk and foam to give that rich bold taste of coffee.


  • Cappuccino

60ML of everything, that is the composition of a Cappuccino. Be informed that a Cappuccino is simply a shot of Espresso with steamed, wet milk and not necessarily slathered with a frothy, dry foam. Usually, the foam of a cappuccino is scooped onto the top. To add flavor, sprinkle a little cinnamon on top.

  • Americano

Topped with hot water to produced a light layer of crema, the Americano’s taste can be closely related to brewed coffee.

  • Cafe Mocha

Also known as mocaccino, it is a chocolate-flavored variant of cafe latte. Typically, it is Espresso with added chocolate usually in a form of sweet cocoa powder and (sometimes) chocolate syrup. Cafe mocha is perfect for satisfying the cravings of every sweet tooth!

  • Latte

One good characteristic of a cafe latte is that it should have the same glossy finish as that of a cappuccino. One of the most popular drink in America because of its sweetest, this drink is known as “milk coffee”. This one shot of espresso is mixed with 6 to 8 ounces of steamed milk topped with foam.

A cup of coffee in hand is a great way to start your day. It can boost your energy and wake you up. Knowing your coffee more can help you add the joy when drinking coffee. What coffee do you want to try today?

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